Health Problems

Researchers discover novel subtype of multiple sclerosis

Cleveland Clinic researchers have discovered a new subtype of multiple sclerosis (MS), providing a better understanding of the individualized nature of the disease. MS has long been characterized as a disease of the brain’s white matter, where immune cells destroy myelin—the fatty protective covering on nerve cells. The destruction of myelin (called demyelination) was believed […]

Health Problems

How do muscles know what time it is?

How do muscle cells prepare for the particular metabolic challenges of the day? Scientists at Helmholtz Zentrum München and Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München (LMU), members of the German Center for Diabetes Research (DZD), have investigated this question and published their results in PLOS Biology. The study has uncovered a metabolic network which is, contrary to expectations, not […]

Health Problems

Poor sleep + type 2 diabetes = Slower wound healing

People with Type 2 diabetes who don’t sleep well could need more time to heal their wounds, according to a new study published by researchers from the University of Tennessee, Knoxville. The research, which appeared online in the journal Sleep on August 11, found that overweight mice with Type 2 diabetes and disrupted sleep needed […]

Health Problems

Study details effect of radiation exposure on hormone deficiencies

In a new study, University of Cincinnati (UC) researchers, in collaboration with Massachusetts General Hospital, have detailed the effect of radiation exposure on the development of hormone deficiency in pediatric and young adult patients treated for brain tumors. These results, published in the Aug. 17, 2018 online edition of the Journal of Clinical Oncology, provide […]

Health Problems

Men place less value on care-oriented careers like nursing

Men assign less importance to care-oriented careers than women do, possibly because men internalize different values than women, suggests new research from the University of British Columbia. While women are significantly underrepresented in science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) fields, making up just nine to 16 per cent of engineers and 21 per cent of […]

Health Problems

Beauty is simpler, and less special, than we realize

Beauty, long studied by philosophers, and more recently by scientists, is simpler than we might think, New York University psychology researchers have concluded in a new analysis. Their work, which appears in the journal Current Biology, offers a new perspective on the value of aesthetics. “Beauty is famously subjective and supposed to be intractable by […]

Health Problems

YAP after acute kidney injury

Acute kidney injury (AKI)—sudden and rapid failure of the kidneys—affects up to 20 percent of hospitalized patients, and up to 70 percent of ICU patients. Studies have indicated that dedifferentiation and proliferation of surviving kidney cells contributes to kidney regeneration and recovery from AKI. EGF receptor (EGFR) and Hippo signaling pathways, which regulate cell proliferation […]

Health Problems

New assay to detect genetic abnormalities in sarcomas outperforms conventional techniques

Sarcomas are rare tumors that are often misdiagnosed. Specific recurrent chromosomal rearrangements, known as translocations, can serve as essential diagnostic markers and are found in about 20 percent of sarcomas. Identification of these translocations helps establish a correct diagnosis and guides treatment. A report in the Journal of Molecular Diagnostics describes a new assay, anchored […]