Health Problems

Scientists discover Ebola virus in West African bat

The government of Liberia, in partnership with the Center for Infection and Immunity (CII) at the Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health and EcoHealth Alliance, announced the discovery of Ebola virus in a bat in Liberia. This is the first finding of Zaire ebolavirus in a bat in West Africa, adding to other evidence […]

Health Problems

Researchers discover new biomarker for age-related macular degeneration

Researchers from the University of Alabama at Birmingham Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, along with collaborators from the University of Iowa, have discovered a genetic biomarker that is associated with age-related macular degeneration and delayed rod-mediated dark adaptation—the first visual function for incident AMD in older adults with normal macular health and early AMD. […]

Health Problems

Scientists discover mechanisms behind neonatal diabetes

Insulin is secreted from the beta cells located in the pancreas, and the hormone is crucial for the maintenance of normal blood sugar levels. Deficiency of insulin leads to diabetes, characterized by elevated blood sugar. Diabetes most commonly presents in childhood as type 1 diabetes and in adults as type 2 diabetes. Sometimes diabetes is […]

Health Problems

Scientists find that sensory neurons can be used to discover therapies for ALS

Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute scientists have shown that mutations in specific genes that destroy motor neurons and thereby cause the devastating effects of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis— also known as ALS or Lou Gehrig’s disease—also attack sensory neurons. The discovery in today’s Scientific Reports indicates that studying sensory neurons could provide new mechanistic insights to […]

Health Problems

Researchers discover novel subtype of multiple sclerosis

Cleveland Clinic researchers have discovered a new subtype of multiple sclerosis (MS), providing a better understanding of the individualized nature of the disease. MS has long been characterized as a disease of the brain’s white matter, where immune cells destroy myelin—the fatty protective covering on nerve cells. The destruction of myelin (called demyelination) was believed […]