Health Problems

Scientists discover mechanisms behind neonatal diabetes

Insulin is secreted from the beta cells located in the pancreas, and the hormone is crucial for the maintenance of normal blood sugar levels. Deficiency of insulin leads to diabetes, characterized by elevated blood sugar. Diabetes most commonly presents in childhood as type 1 diabetes and in adults as type 2 diabetes. Sometimes diabetes is […]

Health Problems

Scientists find that sensory neurons can be used to discover therapies for ALS

Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute scientists have shown that mutations in specific genes that destroy motor neurons and thereby cause the devastating effects of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis— also known as ALS or Lou Gehrig’s disease—also attack sensory neurons. The discovery in today’s Scientific Reports indicates that studying sensory neurons could provide new mechanistic insights to […]

Health Problems

Researchers discover novel subtype of multiple sclerosis

Cleveland Clinic researchers have discovered a new subtype of multiple sclerosis (MS), providing a better understanding of the individualized nature of the disease. MS has long been characterized as a disease of the brain’s white matter, where immune cells destroy myelin—the fatty protective covering on nerve cells. The destruction of myelin (called demyelination) was believed […]

Health News

Hope for menopausal women: Scientists find how to banish hot flashes

Hope for menopausal women: Scientists discover a way to banish hot flashes without raising a woman’s stroke risk Scientists have shown we could target a neuron rather than estrogen levels with drugs Hormone replacement therapy reduces hot flashes but increases stroke risk  Hot flashes are the most commonly-discussed symptom of menopause.  And yet, despite years […]