Health Problems

Optic nerve ultrasound may ID increased intracranial pressure

(HealthDay)—Optic nerve ultrasonography can help diagnose increased intracranial pressure with high specificity and sensitivity for patients with traumatic and nontraumatic brain injury, according to a review published online Nov. 19 in Annals of Internal Medicine. Alex Koziarz, from University of Toronto, and colleagues conducted a systematic review to examine the accuracy of optic nerve ultrasonography […]

Health Problems

Cardiorespiratory fitness may improve lung cancer outcomes

(HealthDay)—Higher cardiorespiratory fitness is associated with a lower risk for lung cancer incidence in former smokers and a reduced risk for cancer mortality in current smokers diagnosed with lung cancer, according to a study published in the November issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine. Baruch Vainshelboim, Ph.D., from Saint Francis University in Loretto, […]

Health News

School-based sleep program may benefit adolescents

A recent study uncovered potential long-term benefits of a school-based sleep education program for adolescents. The study, which was published in the Journal of Sleep Research, included 3,622 adolescents, 286 in the intervention group and 3336 in the control group. Data were collected before the intervention and at a one-year follow-up. The intervention consisted of […]

Health Problems

Coronary calcium score may ID CV risk in rheumatoid arthritis

(HealthDay)—The Coronary Calcium Score (CCS) may be a useful tool in cardiovascular (CV) risk assessment among female patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), according to a study published in the October issue of the International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases. Miguel Bernardes, M.D., from the University of Porto in Portugal, and colleagues assessed CCS (using computed tomography) […]

Health Problems

Teen marijuana use may have next-generation effects

Substance use at any age has consequences. Studies frequently cite the negative impacts—and occasionally tout some benefits of limited consumption—of alcohol and marijuana. What is less known is how patterns of alcohol or marijuana use in one phase of life can affect the next generation, even long after an individual has stopped using. A new […]

Health Problems

Limited English proficiency may worsen chronic disease outcome

(HealthDay)—In predominantly English-speaking settings, patients with limited English proficiency (LEP) and chronic conditions have higher rates of emergency department revisits and hospital readmissions than patients with English proficiency (EP), according to a research letter published in the Oct. 22/29 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association. Shail Rawal, M.D., from the University of […]

Health Problems

Stress during pregnancy may affect baby’s sex, risk of preterm birth

It’s becoming well established that maternal stress during pregnancy can affect fetal and child development as well as birth outcomes, and a new study from researchers at Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons and NewYork-Presbyterian now identifies the types of physical and psychological stress that may matter most. The study was published online […]