Health Problems

‘Error neurons’ play role in how brain processes mistakes

New research from Cedars-Sinai has identified neurons that play a role in how people recognize errors they make, a discovery that may have implications for the treatment of conditions including obsessive-compulsive disorder and schizophrenia. Catching even small errors, such as making a typo while writing a letter, is a critical executive function that allows us […]

Health Problems

Gene plays critical role in noise-induced deafness

In experiments using mice, a team of UC San Francisco researchers has discovered a gene that plays an essential role in noise-induced deafness. Remarkably, by administering an experimental chemical—identified in a separate UCSF lab in 2013—that acts on the pathway linking this gene to hearing loss, they found that they could prevent noise-induced deafness in […]

Health Problems

A role for circadian enhancers to prevent myocardial injury in the perioperative setting

Innovative cardioprotective strategies are of imminent demand. Nonfatal myocardial ischemia (MI) poses a significant risk to patients undergoing major non-cardiac surgery and these non-cardiac surgeries account for around 8 million myocardial injuries per year. Considering perioperative MI is the most common major cardiovascular complication, identifying factors that lead to cardiac disease onset and finding solutions […]

Health Problems

Physiologist publishes findings on the role of the protein titin in muscle contraction

In the field of muscle physiology, scientists study muscle movement at the molecular level—chiefly, proteins such as myosin, actin and titin—to understand how muscles contract. Their research improves human health and quality of life in a wide range of areas, including rehabilitation engineering, prosthesis design and the treatment of neuromuscular diseases such as muscular dystrophy, […]

Health News

Pediatricians Have Role in Supporting Transgender Youth

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 19, 2018 — In an American Academy of Pediatrics policy statement published online Sept. 17 in Pediatrics, recommendations are presented to ensure comprehensive care and support for youth who identify as transgender and gender diverse (TGD). Jason Rafferty, M.D., M.P.H., from Hasbro Children’s Hospital in Providence, R.I., and colleagues reviewed relevant concepts and […]

Health Problems

Study describes enzyme’s key role in immune response to Chagas disease parasite

In an article published recently in the journal Nature Communications, researchers affiliated with the University of São Paulo (USP) in Brazil describe the central role played by an enzyme called phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase gamma (PI3Kγ) in regulating the immune response against Trypanosoma cruzi, the protozoan parasite that causes Chagas disease. “Our results show that the expression […]

Health News

Patient Experience Officers Can Play Key Role in Medical Offices

THURSDAY, July 12, 2018 — A patient experience officer is an increasingly important new role in physician practices, according to an article recently published in Physicians Practice. This new role involves a designated employee responsible for making sure the entire experience is in line with patients’ expectations, including the experience they have from scheduling the […]