Personal Health

Corns – Definition, formation and treatment

Table of contents

Other Names

Chicken eyes are also called crow’s eyes, magpie eyes, horn, eyes, bodies, mandrel, or Clavus. Clavus, the Latin word for nail. Chicken, crow, and magpie eyes are based on the Similarity of the structure with a bird’s-eye. Slight spine designates the tapered, pin – like or thorn-like shape and referred to at the same time, the dead tissue.

How are corns?

Corns caused by prolonged pressure, such as permanent rubbing on the skin, for example, by tight shoes or malformed feet. This pressure causes first a callus, that is, the top layer of skin verhornt and is thick. It is a protection against the pressure. This horn layer and extends on up into the deeper layers of the skin, in the Form of a Horndorns. These we refer to as the chicken’s eye.

  • Corns on curved toes, “hammer toes”, because each step carries on through the upper Material of the Shoe print.
  • Under the nail plate crows eyes caused by pressure on the nail.
  • At the ball of the foot caused by friction.
  • On the bottom of the feet, such as on the sides, they form as a rule by the bumps in the Shoe, by zerlaufenes lining or inappropriate deposits.
  • Lack of hygiene and moisture absorption leads to cracking of the skin and is also skin is a factor for the painful horn.
  • Incorrectly placed pressure pads also lead to magpie eyes.
  • Lowering, such as spreading feet, as well as osteoarthritic toe joints crooked increase the risk of corneal thickening.
  • Corns are also formed by constant Scratching, particularly on the fingers, Hand and elbow.

Where are corns?

Many believe that chicken eyes had a Fußkrankheit. That’s not true! They only occur, therefore, usually of the feet, because here the cause is the most common: the pressure and friction of the skin a the underlying bone. This happens naturally, usually on the feet, because we are going with this and so a constant pressure.
Possible corns are in the following locations:

  • Under the sole of the foot,
  • under the nail plate,
  • on the toes,
  • at the ball of the foot,
  • at the elbow
  • and on the Hand or Finger.

Corn or wart?

A lot of people confuse warts with corns, and even more do not know that corns are not warts, but they know the differences. Once the cause is another: warts are caused by viral infections, crow’s eyes by means of pressure.

Visually both can be easily distinguished: The chicken eye is called the eye, because the yellow reminds of the core of a pupil, warts do not have such a core. Also, the warts grow to the top of the crow’s eyes. Therefore, the surface of the corns is usually smooth, while warts arise most clearly from the skin. Warts are not often painful, and those who hurt, itch. Corns pain, the pain presses and stings, itches but not externally.

Many Crows Eyes

Doctors distinguish these skin growths depending on the place where they develop, according to their hardness and their structure. The Clavus durus is a very hard corn on the upper side of the toes and on the soles of the feet, the Clavus mollis, however, a soft corn between the toes. The Clavus neuro vascularis is particularly painful because of blood vessels by dragging it.

The Clavus papillari sensitive to pressure, has a distinct white edge, and under the cornea of a gelatinous layer. The Clavis neuro fibrosus is round and grows widely in the depth, it covers scars, connective tissue and nerve fibers. The Clavis subungalis eventually forms under the nail.

Where do you get the pain?

The pin-shaped growths arise, and because of the cornea callus is formed a hard core that tapers off to the inside. This pin itself doesn’t hurt. However, if the horn pushes the skin to a nerve, it hurts.

Unpleasant Consequences

A chickens eye is a serious disease, but can burden people in everyday life. The “skin of thorns” on the sole of the foot or the toes, pain when Occur and can be used on sensitive areas of the Go is almost impossible.

The Affected suffer from Diabetes mellitus, then you feel no more pain, but it can form fistulas and infections that can lead to a diabetic deformity of the toes and of the foot.


The treatment begins with a half-hour foot bath in warm water. So the skin gives way, and below the spur to replace. Thereafter, a solution containing salicylic acid on the point of trickling or a soaked patch of hang up. There are also home remedies such as lemon juice, onion slices and vinegar.

Many people cut out these skin spurs. You do not; severe infections can result. You should see a doctor, the deep-seated removal of growths with a corn knife.

Caution in Diabetes

If you suffer from Diabetes mellitus, your blood flow. Therefore, they quickly develop an inflammation. Diabetics should therefore corns, in each case by the physician to treat and to self-treatment without.

Crow’s eyes to prevent

To corns to prevent, pay attention to foot hygiene and regularly remove corneal. So, you avoid pressure points from which the spurs develop. It is best to draw no shoes, and the press. If Yes, then make sure that none of the calluses.

Some people make more of the cornea than others. If you belong to it, treat yourself regularly to a warm foot bath, you RUB the cornea. The bath must not be too long, because then the whole skin is softened, you can no longer distinguish where the horn, skin starts and ends. If you now remove the normal skin also, to add, you may have bleeding wounds. Something of the cornea, the foot needs to, otherwise it hurts.

Make sure you wear comfortable shoes with no pressure points between the toes and pads. Do not wear high heels except on special occasions. You prefer shoes with a well cushioned and flexible soles. Soft leather upper prevents corns on the top of the toes.

Put on the right shoes for the particular Sport. The companies that manufacture athletic shoes these to the movements of the respective sports. That’s why football shoes are not suitable to Hiking, basketball shoes strictly for Jogging. If you wear soccer shoes during football and Hiking shoes when Hiking, prevent calluses. Remove the cornea several times a month with a pumice stone. You have to run as often as possible barefoot. Lotion your feet regularly, because dry skin promotes skin growths. (Dr. Utz Anhalt)